Publications

Title: Same Sex Marriage and its Recent Developments in Socio-Legal Context – India and Abroad

Author: Aritraa Dasgupta, (LL.M) Master of Laws, Sem 3 Sister Nivedita University, Newtown, Kolkata, Contact number: 7439948670 Email I’d: aritraadasgupta1997@gmail.com Abstract: Introduction: Same-sex marriage has traditionally been a significant social prejudice in many cultures around the world. This taboo arising from a variety of factors like religious beliefs, cultural norms, and traditional views on gender …

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Historical Evolution and Contemporary Framework of Effect of Adoption Laws in India: A Comparative Analysis

Abstract Adoption is a legal process that involves transferring a child from their biological family to an adoptive family, severing ties with the birth family, and establishing new familial bonds. This process has evolved significantly over time, influenced by cultural, social, and legal changes. In India, adoption has deep historical roots, originating from ancient practices …

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Mukesh Kumar V. State of Uttrakhand

Facts  The controversy in the appeals centers on the reservation for Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) in promotional posts of Assistant Engineer (Civil) within the Public Works Department of Uttarakhand. The case explores the application and constitutional validity of reservation policies in public services, specifically addressing the legislative and judicial developments regarding the …

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CASE COMMENT Case = Katta Sujatha Reddy vs Siddamsetty Infra Projects Pvt. Ltd. 2022 (SC) 712

FACTS OF THE CASE Katta Sujatha Reddy, the petitioner, entered into a formal agreement with Siddamsetty Infra Projects Pvt. Ltd., the respondent, for the development of a specific parcel of land. The agreement delineated the responsibilities and obligations of each party, with Sujatha Reddy providing the land and Siddamsetty Infra Projects undertaking the development work. …

CASE COMMENT Case = Katta Sujatha Reddy vs Siddamsetty Infra Projects Pvt. Ltd. 2022 (SC) 712 Read More »

“THE INTERSECTION OF CYBERSECURITY AND DATA PRIVACY:   SAFEGUARDING INFORMATION IN THE DIGITAL AGE”

ABSTRACT The pandemic situation has introduced highly developed technologies and more utilization of data platforms in India which have consequences of enormous volume of confidential information being stored, transported and accessed online. Though this change has led to the emergence of new cybersecurity and data privacy risks, it has brought benefits that have greatly transformed …

“THE INTERSECTION OF CYBERSECURITY AND DATA PRIVACY:   SAFEGUARDING INFORMATION IN THE DIGITAL AGE” Read More »

TITLE: RESERVATION IN INDIA – A BOON OR A BANE

ABSTRACT: The thorn in the path or the rose of opportunity, reservation in our country can mean different things for all sorts of people. The essence of reservation provided in our constitution claims special positive provisions for Women, Other Backward Class, Scheduled caste, Scheduled Tribes, Economically Weaker Sections and disabled persons. Surely, the need to …

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SURROGATE ADVERTISING: LEGITIMATE OR LOOPHOLE IN THE SYSTEM?

ABSTRACT-  Surrogate Advertising is a form of Advertisement, where products which are Banned/Illegal by the Government, or any Authorized Statutory Body, Such as Tobacco, Cigarettes/Liquor are advertised in a manner with their Doppelganger products as their substitutes to promote their original product, which is illicit to promote, this is a kind of Loophole in the …

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Title: The Evolution and Challenges of Sports Law in India

Abstract: As per the title “the advancement and difficulties of sports regulation in India’ the paper is spins around the games regulation and analyse the development, present status, and furthermore looks at the past and present status and furthermore various difficulties of sports regulation in India. It investigates the lawful system administering sports, examinations key …

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Is Citizenship Amendment Act valid or not

Abstract The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) of 2019 has been a contentious issue, with widespread debate regarding its constitutional validity within the Indian legal framework. This abstract presents a comprehensive analysis of the legal arguments surrounding the validity of the CAA, drawing upon constitutional provisions, legal precedents, and scholarly interpretations. Proponents of the CAA argue …

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 A CONSTITUTIONAL IMPERATIVE: ANIMAL WELFARE IN INDIA 

Abstract  The Indian ancient religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism are based on the ancient Indian principle of ‘Ahimsa’ which means non-violence. Mahatma Gandhi used it to fight against the British raj to get independence from them. The same concept is reflected in our Constitution. Articles 48 and 48-A of Indian Constitution impose a duty …

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A STUDY ON SAME-SEX MARRIAGES

1.ABSTRACT The rights of individuals within the LGBTQ+ community have long been a subject of debate, persisting even after the decriminalization of Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code in 1860. Stereotyping, gender oppression, and discrimination persist in our society. This research aims to examine the contemporary perceptions towards the LGBTQ+ community, particularly regarding their …

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Title: CYBERTERRORISM AN EMERGING CONCEPT OF HUMANITARIAN LAW 

Abstract As cyberspace develops with the developing technology in the present times, the concept of cyberterrorism is on a journey of growth and is here to stay if not curbed in the given time frame. This paper provides an in-depth insight into the concept of cyberterrorism, wherein the concept is made clear with case studies …

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Supreme Court Contempt Case Against Prashant Bhushan 

July 22, 2020 INTRODUCTION The 2020 Prashant Bhushan case centred on two tweets that well-known attorney and activist Prashant Bhushan sent and that the Indian Supreme Court deemed to be disrespectful. The case brings to light important questions about the judiciary’s authority, speech rights, and the parameters of contempt of court. FACTS  An image of …

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Ajit Mohan v. Legislative Assembly, National Capital Territory of Delhi

CASE COMMENTARY Appellant: Ajit Mohan & ORS. Respondent: Legislative Assembly, National Capital Territory of Delhi Court: Supreme Court of India WRIT PETITION (C) NO.1088 OF 2020 Bench: Hrishikesh Roy, Dinesh Maheshwari, Sanjay Kishan Kaul Date decided: July 08, 2021. FACTS OF THE CASE Amid the aftermath of the tumultuous communal riots that rocked various parts of Delhi …

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Case Comment on – Competition Commission of India v. Bharti Airtel Limited and Others

CASE COMMENTARY Appellant: Competition Commission of India Respondent: Bharti Airtel Limited and Others Court: Supreme Court of India Criminal Appeal No. 11843 Of 2018  Bench: Hon’ble Justice A.K Sikri & Ashok Bhushan Date decided: 05-Dec-2018 FACTS OF THE CASE In December 2016, Reliance Jio Infocom Limited (RJIL) filed a complaint with the Competition Commission of …

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Comparative Study with Global Jurisdiction on White Collar Crimes

AbstractA comparative study helps us understand the intricacies of white-collar crime in various legal systems. It offers valuable insights into how to prevent such crimes and identifies common patterns of corporate wrongdoing. Therefore, in this study a comparison is done, in between the laws relating to White Collar Crimes in India and the various other …

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Intellectual Property Rights: Copyright Infringement Cases

Abstract:  Copyright infringement is known as the use of copyrighted works without the permission of the creators, copyright holders or authors. It is a form of dishonesty and a violation of the authors’ economic and exclusive rights. In general, copyright infringement activities have taken place in various ways such as theft, piracy, reuse and plagiarism. Copyright infringement …

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Legal mechanism to address the Violation of Rights of Labors in Gig Economy   

  Pranjali Rusiya Abstract: A gig economy is a labor market that relies on temporary and part-time workers filled by independent contractors and freelancers, rather than permanent employees. This research paper shows the status of gig economy which is rapidly growing. This study tries to figure out the current concern about the emergence of the gig …

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RADICAL FEMINISM AND FAMILY LAW : CHALLANGING      THE  PATRIARCHAL STRUCTURE OF SOCIETY 

Abstract This paper gives a vivid picture of radical feminism and its role in growth of family law. It eulogize how the radical feminist took the root cause of gender discrimination – Patriarchal structure, and sought to uproot it which liberal feminism failed to do. It has reshaped the attitude of society towards rigid gender …

RADICAL FEMINISM AND FAMILY LAW : CHALLANGING      THE  PATRIARCHAL STRUCTURE OF SOCIETY  Read More »

UNLAWFUL ACTIVITIES PREVENTION ACT, 1967: A DOUBLE-EDGED SWORD  – UNRAVELLING ITS CONSTITUTIONAL CHALLENGES 

 Ms. Nikita Susan Eapen ABSTRACT  The Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA) of 1967 is a crucial anti-terrorism legislation  in India, aimed at protecting national security while upholding constitutional principles.  However, its implementation has been controversial, with concerns over its potential misuse to  suppress political dissent and legitimate protests.   This paper delves into the constitutional background …

UNLAWFUL ACTIVITIES PREVENTION ACT, 1967: A DOUBLE-EDGED SWORD  – UNRAVELLING ITS CONSTITUTIONAL CHALLENGES  Read More »

Animal Welfare Board of India v. Union of India, 2023 SCC Online SC 661

FACTS Jallikattu is a traditional sport that is part of the Mattu Pongal celebration, which is the third day of the Pongal festival. It’s also known by other names like eru thazhuvuthal or manju virattu. The word ‘Mattu’ stands for bull, and on this day, bulls are honoured for their role in farming and milk …

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Impact of the Novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe on Slavery Laws

Abstract  The novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe, written in 1852, had a great influence on social life in America, first of all, by changing the mentality of readers about slavery. Stowe exposed such harsh realities, portraying the inhuman separation of families and the rottenness that this often led to. The novel used …

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SITARAM YECHURY VS UNION OF INDIA (2019)

Citation Writ Petition (Cr.) No. 229/2019 Court: Supreme Court of India Bench:  Parties: Appellant:    Respondent for UOI:                       For State of J&K:                      The case of Sitaram Yechury vs. Union of India is a landmark legal proceeding that arose from the abrogation of Article 370, which had provided special autonomy to the region of Jammu and Kashmir. Following the …

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LEGAL FRAMEWORK ON THE TOP(OTT) PLATFORM IN INDIA

Abstract The Indian government is actively developing a legal framework to regulate Over-The-Top (OTT) platforms, such as Netflix, Amazon Prime, and Hotstar, which stream content directly to viewers over the internet. Aimed at preventing content that could offend cultural or religious sensibilities or promote hate speech, this initiative has led to the formation of a …

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IN RE: ARTICLE 370 OF THE CONSTITUTION 2023 INSC 1058

DATE 11th December, 2023. JUDGE/BENCH Dr D.Y. Chandrachud, C.J. and B.R. Gavai, Surya Kant, Sanjay Kishan Kaul and Sanjiv Khanna, JJ. AREA OF LAW INVOLVED Constitutional law: Article 370; Constitutional order 272 and 273. FACTS • Article 370 provided special governance arrangements for Jammu and Kashmir. • The state government dissolved in 2018, leading to the Governor’s rule …

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ENDGAME: EUTHANASIA AND THE RIGHT TO CHOOSE TO DIE

ABSTRACT In an era where the notion of life and its end continues to evolve, the right to die has emerged as a divisive but profoundly personal issue. This paper delves into the ethical and legal landscape of euthanasia, examining the complexities of end-of-life decisions and the desire for a dignified death. Drawing on intellectual …

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ROLE OF WHISTLEBLOWERS IN CORPORATE GOVERNANCE 

ABSTRACT The corporate sector in India has undergone significant changes in the past decade, but it has also been marred by various controversial scandals like [Satyam Computer, Kingfisher, Tyco,  and Enron] Corporation. These scandals not only damage the company’s reputation but also harm the interests of investors and stakeholders. These scandals highlight the importance of …

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VIKAS KUMAR V. UNION PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION & ORS. (2021)

Court: Supreme court of India 3-Judge Bench: Justice DY Chandrachud, Indira Banerjee and Sanjiv Khanna Appellant: Vikas Kumar Respondent: UPSC & Ors. Citation: 2021 SCC Online SC 84 FACTS In this case, Vikas Kumar was appellant who is a civil services aspirant, suffered from a neurological condition as Dysgraphia which is also known as writer’s …

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ADMISSIBILITY OF DIGITAL EVIDENCE FOR CYBERCRIME INVESTIGATION/PROSECUTION

Abstract This research paper talking about admissibility of electronic evidence for cybercrime investigation in the Indian court. Study looks into how important that technology in our daily lives. The technology were growing rapidly of new techniques and tools for collecting, analysing and preserving digital evidence. The legal system incorporated technology into its proceeding through the …

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..THE IMPACT OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ON THE LEGAL PROFESSION

Abstract: – Legal AI has made it clear that disruptions are not exclusive to the legal profession. While AI-powered decision-making is not a possibility in the ongoing scenario, it may become so near future. However, the diverse effects of AI on legal research, contract analysis, predictive analytics, document automation, and ethical issues are examined in …

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DECODING AI GOVERNANCE: CHALLENGES AND WAY FORWARD

Abstract Artificial intelligence (AI) is becoming increasingly prevalent in many spheres of society, and therefore strong regulations and legislations are needed to reduce hazards, guarantee ethical application, and uphold human rights. This paper examines the urgent need for regulations and the challenges present in developing effective governance models. Utilizing a descriptive study technique and a …

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JUDICIAL CHECKS AND BALANCES: COMPARING GROUNDS OF REVIEW IN ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

ABSTRACT: A key component of administrative law is Judicial review. It is a vital tool for maintaining the balance of power guaranteeing governmental accountability and preserving the equilibrium of the power. This paper delves into the concept of judicial review within administrative law, focusing on its role as a mechanism for maintaining checks and balances …

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INDIBILY CREATIVE PVT. LTD. AND ORS. VS. GOVT. OF WEST BENGAL AND ORS.

Court: Supreme Court of India  Citation: Writ Petition (Civil) 306 of 2019 Delivered On: 11/04/2019 Bench: Dr. D.Y. Chandrachud, Hemant Gupta, J.J. Petitioner: Indibility Creative Pvt Ltd & Ors Respondent: Govt. of West Bengal & Ors Facts Founded in 2017, the first petitioner is a company. The filmmakers, who also co-produced the movie, are the …

INDIBILY CREATIVE PVT. LTD. AND ORS. VS. GOVT. OF WEST BENGAL AND ORS. Read More »

Breaking the Silence: Redefining Legal Responses to Rape and  Sexual Assault. 

“She was powerful, not because she wasn’t scared but because she went on so strongly despite  the fear.” _______ Atticus  Abstract- Rape and sexual assault are not just against women but against the whole society,  against the human right, against the humanity and the human dignity. Whatever the situation  is or will be no one …

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 M. Siddiq (D) Thr. Lrs. v. Mahant Suresh Das & Ors. CITATION – Civil Appeal no. 10866-10867/2010 2019 SCC Online 1440. DATE OF THE JUDGEMENT – 9 November 2019 

COURT – SUPREME COURT OF INDIA  PETITIONERS – M. SIDDIQ (deceased), MAULNA ASSHAD RASHIDI, SUNNI  WAQF BOARD.  RESPONDENT – MAHANT SURESH DAS, and Others, NIRMOHI AKHADA,  BHAGWANT SHRI RAM VIRAJMAN, STATE OF UTTAR PRADESH, DISTRICT  COLLECTOR (Faizabad), ALL INDIA MAHASABHA, ARYA MAHA PRASESHIK  SABHA, ALL INDIA SANATAN DHARMA SABHA.  BENCH- RANJAN GOGAI, SHARAD A BOBDE, …

 M. Siddiq (D) Thr. Lrs. v. Mahant Suresh Das & Ors. CITATION – Civil Appeal no. 10866-10867/2010 2019 SCC Online 1440. DATE OF THE JUDGEMENT – 9 November 2019  Read More »

 M. Siddiq (D) Thr. Lrs. v. Mahant Suresh Das & Ors. CITATION – Civil Appeal no. 10866-10867/2010 2019 SCC Online 1440. DATE OF THE JUDGEMENT – 9 November 2019 

COURT – SUPREME COURT OF INDIA  PETITIONERS – M. SIDDIQ (deceased), MAULNA ASSHAD RASHIDI, SUNNI  WAQF BOARD.  RESPONDENT – MAHANT SURESH DAS, and Others, NIRMOHI AKHADA,  BHAGWANT SHRI RAM VIRAJMAN, STATE OF UTTAR PRADESH, DISTRICT  COLLECTOR (Faizabad), ALL INDIA MAHASABHA, ARYA MAHA PRASESHIK  SABHA, ALL INDIA SANATAN DHARMA SABHA.  BENCH- RANJAN GOGAI, SHARAD A BOBDE, …

 M. Siddiq (D) Thr. Lrs. v. Mahant Suresh Das & Ors. CITATION – Civil Appeal no. 10866-10867/2010 2019 SCC Online 1440. DATE OF THE JUDGEMENT – 9 November 2019  Read More »

Safeguarding Sovereignty: Legal Challenges and Diplomatic Initiatives in the Red Sea Dispute

CONTENTS ABSTRACT 3 INTRODUCTION 4 HISTORY AND LEGAL CONTEXT 6 RESEARCH  METHODOLOGY 8 REVIEW OF LITERATURE 9 METHOD 12 SUGGESTIONS 14 CONCLUSION 16 ABSTRACT The Red Sea dispute, exacerbated by the conflict in Gaza and the Houthi rebel group’s attacks on commercial vessels in support of Hamas, poses significant challenges to international law and global …

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Hindustan Construction Co. Ltd. v. Union of India

Table of Contents Facts 2 Issues Raised 3 Contentions 4 Petitioners’ Arguments: 4 Respondent’s Arguments: 4 Intervenors’ Support for Petitioners: 5 Rationale 6 Defects of Law 7 Inference 8 Facts The case of Hindustan Construction Co. Ltd. v. Union of India revolves around the constitutional validity of specific provisions within the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, …

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Case Commentary Kaushal Kishore vs. State of Uttar Pradesh & Ors. ((2023) 4 SCC 1)

Facts  The present case was presented before the Supreme Court of India. A special leave petition and a writ petition were clubbed together. The case brings into picture two fundamental rights, the right to freedom of speech and expression and the right to dignity. In this case, two state ministers passed demeaning statements in Uttar …

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CASE COMMENT X v. PRINCIPAL SECRETARY HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE, GOVT. OF NCT DELHI

TITLE OF THE CASE – X v. PRINCIPAL SECRETARY HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE, GOVT. OF NCT DELHI PETITIONER- X RESPONDENT- PRINCIPAL SECRETARY HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE, GOVT. OF NCT DELHI  CASE CITATION- 2022 SCC Online SCC 1321 CASE TYPE- SPECIAL LEAVE PETITION FACTS OF THE CASE The petitioner in the present case is a permanent …

CASE COMMENT X v. PRINCIPAL SECRETARY HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE, GOVT. OF NCT DELHI Read More »

CASE COMMENT ON LAXMIBAI CHANDARAGI B V. THE STATE OF KARNATAKA

FACTS OF THE CASE: Petitioner No.1 (Laxmibai Chandaragi B) Apparently without informing her parents, had travelled by flight from Hubli to Bangalore and further from Bangalore to Delhi and married petitioner No.2 (Mr. Santosh Singh Yadav). The petitioner No.1 sent her marriage certificate to her parents through whatsapp on 15.10.2020 in which she revealed the …

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INSOLVENCY AND BANKRUPTCY LAW REFORMS IN INDIA: A COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS

ABSTRACT:  The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) introduced in India in 2016 aimed to revolutionize the insolvency framework, promoting timely resolution of stressed assets and facilitating ease of doing business. This paper examines the evolution, effectiveness, and challenges of the IBC through a comprehensive review of literature, analysis of methodologies, and suggestions for further improvements. …

INSOLVENCY AND BANKRUPTCY LAW REFORMS IN INDIA: A COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS Read More »

WHITE-COLLAR CRIME: INVESTIGATING COMPANY MISCONDUCT

ABSTRACT White-collar crime is a non-violent crime in which the number one reason is typically economic in nature. White-collar criminals usually occup an expert position of strength and/or status, and one which command nicely above common repayment. This research paper delves into the complex realm of white-collar crime and corporate misconduct, shedding mild on the …

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VIRTUAL REALITIES, REAL CONSEQUENCES: Understanding The Impact of Sexual Violence in Virtual Worlds

ABSTRACT: Virtual Reality (VR) technology has emerged as a powerful tool for facilitating human-computer interaction (HCI), enabling end users to remotely perceive textures and contours, thus facilitating virtual touch. In recent years, VR has surged in popularity thanks to remarkable advancements in hardware and software, epitomized by Meta’s Metaverse, boasting a staggering 400 million users …

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PREMATURE RELEASE OF PRISONERS: UNDERSTANDING THE REMISSION POLICY

ABSTRACT This research paper delves into the multifaceted landscape of premature release of prisoners in India, focusing on the legal framework, case laws, and reform perspectives. It provides a comprehensive overview of the statutory provisions, landmark judgments, and the functioning of the Sentence Review Board (SRB) responsible for recommending premature release. The paper analyzes the …

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ONLINE PRIVACY AND CYBERSECURITY CHALLENGES AND REGULATION

ABSTRACT This report analyses the common interface and pressures between protection and cyber security. It investigates how challenges for cyber security are moreover challenges for security and information security, considers how cyber security approach can influence protection, and notes how the internet administration and security could be a worldwide issue. At last, it sets out …

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CASE COMMENT ON ROHAN DHUNGAT v. THE STATE OF GOA & ORS.

BACKGROUND OF THE CASE: A significant turning point in the legal landscape occurred on January 5, 2023, when the case of Rohan Dhungat v. The State of Goa was heard in court. This historic case explored the complexities of the law as well as more general societal concerns about justice, equality, and individual rights. This …

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UNNATURAL INTERCOURSE BY HUSBAND WITH WIFE NOT RAPE

ABSTRACT The Madhya Pradesh High Court’s ruling that non-consensual “unnatural sex” by a husband does not constitute rape has ignited widespread criticism. Critics argue that the judgement contradicts fundamental human rights principles, undermines women’s safety and well-being, and perpetuates gender inequality. This decision reinforces the outdated marital rape exemption in Indian law, which many see …

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THE IMPACT OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE PRACTICES ON COMPANY PERFORMANCE

ABSTRACT Corporate governance is increasingly recognized as a critical factor influencing the performance and sustainability of companies, particularly in emerging economies like India. This paper presents a comparative study examining the impact of corporate governance practices on company performance within the Indian context, utilizing case laws to illustrate practical implications. Through a comprehensive review of …

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CASE COMMENT ON IN RE FELLING OF TREES IN AAREY FOREST (MAHARASHTRA)

CASE NUMBER: 36650/2019 JUDGEMENT DATE: 29/11/2022 FACTS OF THE CASE: The case revolves around the felling of trees in the Aarey Forest are in Mumbai, Maharashtra to facilitate the construction of a Metro Car Depot for Metro Line 3. The controversy began when the Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation Limited (MMRCL) sought permissions to cut trees …

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 TITLE: A STUDY OF CYBER SECURITY CHALLENGES AND ITS EMERGING TRENDS ON LATEST TECHNOLOGIES

ABSTRACT Today, due to the modern life style people have joined technology life and using more technology for shopping as well as financial transactions in their cyber space. At the same time, safeguarding of knowledge has become increasingly difficult. In addition, the heavy use and growth of social media, online crime or cybercrime has increased. …

 TITLE: A STUDY OF CYBER SECURITY CHALLENGES AND ITS EMERGING TRENDS ON LATEST TECHNOLOGIES Read More »

Reproductive rights of women in India : Right to bodily autonomy

TABLE OF CONTENTS   I.  Abstract and Introduction    A. Definition of reproductive rights and bodily autonomy    B. Importance of reproductive rights for women’s empowerment    C. Brief historical background of reproductive rights movement in India    D. Thesis statement II. Legal Framework for Reproductive Rights in India      A. Constitutional provisions (Article 21)     B. Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, …

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THE IMPACT OF AI AND BIG DATA ON ANTITRUST ANALYSIS IN MERGERS

ABSTRACT: Competition authorities have a challenging situation as artificial intelligence (AI) grows. AI has the potential to boost competition through flexible pricing and customised marketing, but it also raises new questions about collusion and market manipulation.Algorithmic decision-making powered by artificial intelligence (AI) is altering market dynamics across several industries. There is a serious knowledge vacuum …

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IMPORTANCE OF CONFESSIONS AS EVIDENCE

ABSTRACT “A confession, if freely and voluntarily made, is proof of the maximum quality character.” -Eyre C. B. Confession is essential to the pursuit of a criminal case, which is predicated on accuracy and truth. The accused is expressing regret by this conduct. The accused benefits from the confession’s truthfulness because, logically, it should have …

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SOCIAL MEDIA AND DIPLOMACY: A CASE STUDY OF THE INDIA-MALDIVES INCIDENT

ABSTRACT Diplomacy is the art and practice of managing international relations, typically through negotiation, dialogue, and strategic communication. India and Maldives share ethnic, linguistic, cultural, religious and commercial links steeped in antiquity. The bilateral relations between India and Maldives have been close, cordial and multi-dimensional. This research paper explores the increasing role of social media …

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