Research paper

WOMEN’S RESERVATION BILL, 2023

ABSTRACT – On September 19,2023, the Lok Sabha introduced the Constitution (One Hundred and twenty-eighth amendment) bill 2023 which aims to allocate one-third of the total seats in both Lok Sabha and state legislative assemblies for women. This reservation also extends to seats designated for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. The reservation becomes operational once …

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Unmasking Deepfakes: A Legal Analysis of India’s IT Act 2000 in the Age of Synthetic Media

Abstract Advancements in artificial intelligence have given rise to deepfakes, hyper-realistic manipulated media that pose significant challenges to legal frameworks worldwide. This research delves into the complex intersection of synthetic media and the legal landscape in India, focusing on the [1]Information Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act). We have undertook a comprehensive analysis of the [2]IT …

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The Role of National Human Rights Commission in upholding justice

Abstract The National Human Rights Commision (herein referred to as NHRC) is an independent, autonomous and a sovereign body which stands for the people and society whose human rights are being violated which are enshrined in our constitution through Article 14, 19, 21[1] etc. This paper talks about the NHRC in India as to how …

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right, advocacy, lex

The Role of International Law in Environmental Conservation

ABSTRACT Environmental conservation, a pressing global concern, necessitates collaborative efforts through international law. Recognizing the imperative for international cooperation in environmental conservation, this exploration delves into the historical roots of global environmental legislation, drawing from treaties, customary laws, and judicial decisions. It traces the progression from early concerns about endangered species to contemporary challenges like …

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Cybersecurity Breaches and Liability Concerns for Indian Corporations

Abstract: India has witnessed the growing pace of digitalization of any of the major world economies. The nation with over trillion-dollar economy has adopted to the digital transformation in a rapid progression. As a result, Indian Corporations have been under radar for data protection of the public. The foundation of the country’s cyber law and …

Cybersecurity Breaches and Liability Concerns for Indian Corporations Read More »

Deep Fake Technology and Privacy Laws in India: Balancing Innovation and Personal Privacy

This research paper delves into the intricate intersection of deep fake technology and privacy concerns, with a specific focus on the Indian context. The paper begins by providing an in-depth overview of deep fake technology, elucidating the techniques employed in its creation, real-world applications, and the global perspectives shaping its evolution. The significance of the …

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The Three New Criminal Law Bills: Modifying the wholecriminal law system of India

Abstract The Indian legal landscape stands at the transition of significant change with the proposal of three new criminal law bills aimed at replacing the current foundational laws: the Indian Evidence Act of 1872 (to be substituted by the Bhartiya Sakshya Bill), the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1973 (to be replaced by the Bhartiya …

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SAME SEX MARRIAGE: POSSIBLE AMENDMENT IN SPECIAL MARRIAGE ACT

ABSTRACT  In this research paper we will study what is same sex marriage, and about the special marriage act, the recent judgement about the same sex marriage, is their need of same sex marriage and what is further ruling of supreme court, on this case. What is the history of homosexuality in India, discrimination on …

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LEGAL IMPLICATIONS OF DEEP FAKE TECHNOLOGY ON  CYBERSECURITY LAWS IN INDIA

ABSTRACT Deep fake technology is a sophisticated form of artificial intelligence that can be used in order  to create extremely realistic fake content, consequently making it difficult for people to  differentiate between what is real and what is a deep fake. The rapid emergence in the use of  deep fake technology in recent times is …

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DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICABILITY OF UNIFORM CIVIL CODE IN INDIA UNDER ARTICLE 44 OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION

ABSTRACT – The term “Uniform Civil Code” refers to the general body of secular civil laws that will apply to all Indian citizens without regard to their caste, language, or tribe. in India a set of unrelated religious laws concerning contracts, the transfer of property, the law of the land, and other civil laws. Laws …

DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICABILITY OF UNIFORM CIVIL CODE IN INDIA UNDER ARTICLE 44 OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION Read More »

SHAPING MARRIAGE NORMS: LESSONS FROM SUPRIYA CHAKRABORTY AND ANOTHER V. UNION OF INDIA FOR THE LGBTQ+ COMMUNITY

ABSTRACT This research paper embarks on an analysis of the case, Supriya Chakraborty and Another v. Union of India[1], delving into its profound influence on the landscape of marriage norms and its resonating implications for the LGBTQ+ community. The study is framed within a comprehensive exploration that traverses legal doctrines, comparative jurisprudence, scholarly discourses, and …

SHAPING MARRIAGE NORMS: LESSONS FROM SUPRIYA CHAKRABORTY AND ANOTHER V. UNION OF INDIA FOR THE LGBTQ+ COMMUNITY Read More »

LEGAL VALIDATION OF SAME SEX MARRIAGE

ABSTRACT This research paper explores the legal validation of same-sex marriage, examining the landmark legal cases, historical progression, international perspectives, future implications   challenges and societal impact. The paper firstly begins with a brief historical overview, featuring key milestones and legal cases that have formed the recognition of same-sex marriage. Drawing on a comparative analysis of …

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hammer, books, law

Sex Workers in India: Legality v. Morality

Abstract Prostitution is taken into consideration to be one of the world’s oldest Profession wherein someone presents sexual offerings in alternate for money. The person who practices this career additionally considers it towards morality and does now no longer needs to introduce this career to the subsequent generation. Here in India, the regulation and morality …

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case-law, lady justice, justice

DELIMITATION OF MARITIME BOUNDARIES DISPUTE (MAURITIUS/MALDIVES)

Krish Vikram, 1st Year Law Student, Symbiosis Law School Pune ABSTRACT The maritime boundary dispute between Mauritius and Maldives, centred around the Chagos Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, stems from colonial-era map discrepancies and subsequent territorial disagreements. Post-independence, Mauritius claimed the Archipelago, occupied by the UK. Maldives, geographically closest, wavered in its stance until President …

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Unveiling Legal Frontiers and Opportunities in India’s Exploration of Web 3.0

INTRODUCTION “Change is the only constant.”, a simple phrase which keeps on proving itself rightfully supreme. The legal field is familiar with change, as it is the only thing that keeps the industry afloat and with the emergence of Web 3.0 this change was much needed.This paper deals with these changes and additions made to …

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“Artificial Intelligence and its Role in the Criminal Justice System: A Comprehensive Legal Analysis”

———————————————————————————————— Abstract This legal research paper delves into the transformative impact of artificial intelligence (AI) on the criminal justice system, exploring its potential applications and the challenges it presents. The study begins with an overview of AI’s historical development and its classification as an enabler for various technologies. It focuses on India’s legal landscape, the …

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Natural Justice in Indian Administrative Law: Courts and Procedural Fairness

Abstract This paper delves into the intricate domain of the “principle of natural justice,” an uncodified yet deeply rooted aspect of common law and moral principles. Originating from the Latin “jus natural,” it transcends statutes, holding paramount importance in civilized societies. The Supreme Court’s evolution in establishing social, just, and economic statutory protections, particularly for …

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Same sex marriage in India

Khushi LL.B. (student) Law center – 2, Faculty of law, University of Delhi ABSTRACT This study develop into the multifaceted aspects of same-sex marriage, exploring its social, legal, and cultural implications. Through a comprehensive analysis, it investigates the historical evolution of attitudes towards same-sex unions and community, the legal battles for marriage equality, and the …

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Granting divorce under Article 142: Review power or overpower of Supreme court

Abstract Marriages are considered a sacred institution where the people cohabit together and create legal relations. The provision of marriage is mentioned under the established laws related to marriage, for instance, the Hindu Marriage Act 1955. This act also provided the provisions for granting divorce and the procedure for the divorce, which means that a …

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justice, statue, lady justice

Punishing the Innocent: An Insight into the Wrongfully Convicted

Abstract: The Indian Justice System is embedded in certain fundamental ideals and concepts. It is founded on the underlying principle an accused is innocent unless proven guilty. Nevertheless, there have been documented cases in the media and news when individuals have been exonerated after enduring wrongful convictions over extended periods of time. This diminishes the …

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DEEPFAKE AND ITS LEGAL IMPLICATIONS

Abstract This research paper delves into the rapidly evolving landscape of deepfake technology. It looks at the different uses, possible dangers, and legal issues that deepfake raises. Advanced artificial intelligence algorithms enable the production of hyper-realistic synthetic media that can imitate and modify audio-visual content, a capability made possible by deepfakes. The legal implications of …

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PRIVATE DEFENCE – SECTION 96-106 OF THE IPC

ABSTRACT This research paper delves into the nuanced dimensions of private defence within the Indian Penal Code (IPC), exploring its philosophical underpinnings, legal principles, and implications for the Indian legal system. The analysis navigates through fundamental aspects, including the right to self-preservation, the nature and scope of private defence, and the interplay of reasonableness and …

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One Nation One Code: Navigating the Path to a Unified Civil Code in India

Abstract A society without law descends into anarchy; law permits every aspect of our lives, and even without them being enforced, most people can tell right from wrong. The need for rules and laws has been around since forever. Throughout history, societies have followed specific rules, often based on ancient texts like the Vedas, Quran, …

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justice, right, legal

NAVIGATING THROUGH THE EMERGING & EVOLVING DOMAINS IN THE REALM OF LAW

ABSTRACT This paper titled- ‘Navigating through the emerging and evolving domains in the realm of law’ aims to present a comprehensive manoeuvre to explore the various emerging laws and the adaptations and evolutions involved to make these laws pertinent to the dynamic civilization of the human race. Through this exploration, we delve into the various …

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judge, court, gavel

An Overview of Insider Trading: Historical Perspective, Regulations, and Notable Cases.

Abstract Insider Trading concerns mainly the equity markets and is one of the most frequent securities frauds. Stating it in simpler terms involves trading Stocks or Securities of a Company that has not been made available to the public. The insider’s Term generally includes the Company’s Executives, Employees, and any other individuals with access to …

An Overview of Insider Trading: Historical Perspective, Regulations, and Notable Cases. Read More »

right, law, attorney

Multifarious Suit – The Mis-joinder of Parties & The Mis-joinder of Causes of Action

Abstract “A suit is a proceeding by which an individual pursues that remedy that the law affords”1. Generally, a suit is a civil proceeding instituted by the presentation of a plaint2. Opposing parties, cause of action, subject matters and Relief claimed are the four essentials of a suit. Failed to fulfil these essentials is a …

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Behind the Facade: Assessing the Enforcement Efficacy of Animal Protection Laws

Abstract The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act of 1960 was made by the government to protect the rights of animals in the context of modern human society. The core intention behind this legislation was to establish adequate protections for animals, preventing them from experiencing harm, undue pain, or torture inflicted by humans unless such …

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PRISON VIOLENCE AGAINST TRANSGENDERS

ABSTRACTTransgender people hold a dualistic perspective identity: in one hand they are considered disgrace to the society and on the other hand they are assembled with the “Ardhanareswar” version of Lord Shiva. Contrary to all the points there still relevant discrimination present in the prisons. Such inadequate care is untenable in the functioning of the …

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Biopiracy and Legal Safeguard of Intellectual Properties

Abstract: The issue of biopiracy revolves around the exploitation of indigenous knowledge and resources without equitable compensation, presents a pressing challenge. This paper digs into legal, ethical, regulatory frameworks and national legislations, to confront this matter. It underscores the necessity of preserving indigenous heritage and biodiversity, suggesting enhanced patent regulations and amplified community engagement as …

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From Bytes to Bias: Addressing Gender Inequality in Artificial Intelligence Systems

Abstract This paper assesses whether the Indian Law sufficiently captures the gender bias in AI and efficiently governs it. It also analyses the current Indian laws and the need for proper legislations on AI. To end this trend of gender biases in AI systems, the direct and indirect impact of gender bias in AI will …

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ANALYSING DNA AS AN EVIDENCE IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM REGARDING CRIMINAL PROCEDURE(IDENTIFICATION) ACT, 2022

ABSTRACT As the saying goes JUSTICE DELAYED IS JUSTICE DENIED but does that imply that only justice, regardless of whether it is just to the proper person, should be served? Prior to discussing and analysing the process, let’s clarify; what JUSTICE is? Justice is an ethical, philosophical, intellectual, rational, moral and legal idea through which …

ANALYSING DNA AS AN EVIDENCE IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM REGARDING CRIMINAL PROCEDURE(IDENTIFICATION) ACT, 2022 Read More »

Foreign lawyers and firms: the concluding push of the global village in India

Abstract A lawyer is person who has a degree or has been certified by government of educational institutes who work in legal field whereas an advocate is someone who has a license to practice law in front of court of law to represent their client. The advocate may appear as defendant or prosecutor on behalf …

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Evolution of cybercrime in current times and its impact.

Abstract The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines “cyber” as something relating to or involving computers or computer networks such as the Internet. The 21st-century world is at a stage where everything is cyber, meaning the lives of individuals revolve around computers and their networks. This technological advancement is certainly a massive step towards human growth and development. …

Evolution of cybercrime in current times and its impact. Read More »

lady justice, legal, law

Consumer Protection in the Digital Age: Analyzing Legal Frameworks Safeguarding Consumers in the Sharing Economy.

Abstract This research paper is about understanding the rules in India that protect consumers in the sharing economy when using technology. The sharing economy has become more popular because there are websites and apps that make it easier for people to share their belongings. This can be good and bad for customers. This paper talks …

Consumer Protection in the Digital Age: Analyzing Legal Frameworks Safeguarding Consumers in the Sharing Economy. Read More »

corona, coronavirus, mask

DIGITAL PROTECTION OF PERSONAL INFORMATION LAWS AND ITS DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA.

ABSTRACT: Lately the concept of Data Protection has become a concerning topic, advocating for the protection of personal information and individuals privacy. With the development of  technology and availability of social media and digital means, every work and  every service is now rendered through online mode. While it has been a boon to the netizens, …

DIGITAL PROTECTION OF PERSONAL INFORMATION LAWS AND ITS DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA. Read More »

IMAPCT OF TORT LAW

ABSTRACT: This article examines impact of tort on workplace safety using an empirical analysis of the United States. The analysis focuses on the impact of tort laws on injury rates and injury severity across industries and regions. The results show that legislation has a significant and positive impact on occupational safety, reducing the number and …

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judge, hammer, auction hammer

Effort Of International Community in Reducing Emissions From Deforestation And Effect On Climate Change – Legal Perspective

Abstract The international community’s attempts to include initiatives for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation in the international legal framework controlling climate change are examined in this article. At the Thirteenth Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 13), which took place in Bali in December 2007, such …

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Intellectual Property Rights Protection In The Digital Age

ABSTRACT Intellectual property refers to the ownership of intangible goods. This includes ideas, designs, symbols, writings and creations. It also refers to digital media such as audio and video clips that can be downloaded online. Since intellectual property is intangible, if it is stolen, it may be difficult to recover. Say for example, a person …

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Deep fake videos, images storming internet: What laws can come to your rescue?

Abstract: Allowing attention – grabbing deep fakes that profit from the male gaze generates higher advertisement revenues for platforms by driving up engagement and harming  vulnerable users .  Apart from causing economic , physical, and  or psychological harm to victims it restrict their right to freedom of speech , forcing victims to shut down their …

Deep fake videos, images storming internet: What laws can come to your rescue? Read More »

justice, right, legal

“Navigating the Legal Frontiers of Virtual Fashion and Virtual Fashion Influencers”

Abstract: The fast advancement of technology has resulted in remarkable advances in a variety of industries, and the fashion world is no exception. The boundaries between the actual and virtual worlds have become increasingly hazy in the fashion business as a result of the rise of virtual influencers and the expansion of digital fashion. This …

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Legal Implications and Regulatory Measures for AI Integration in the Indian Legal System

ABSTRACT This research examines the legal implications and regulatory initiatives of integration of artificial intelligence into the Indian legal framework. It examines India’s current legal system and regulatory ingenuity with a focus on the Personal Data Protection Act (PDPB). and the importance of ethical guidelines and best practices. The article also discusses case studies on …

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THE PRESENT AND FUTURE OF PERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT

Abstract Businesses are changing their company operations by implementing new technologies and solutions to penetrate new markets and establish their presence in the global market in this quickly evolving business climate where the entire world is one global village for business operations. With the onset of globalization, significant technology advancements have made it possible for …

THE PRESENT AND FUTURE OF PERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT Read More »

cyber, security, internet

Digital Privacy and Data Protection Laws in India

ABSTRACT In the era of unprecedented technological advancements, the imperative of digital privacy and data protection has surged, paralleling our increasing reliance on digital platforms. This research navigates the intricate landscape of India’s digital privacy, scrutinizing the efficacy of existing legal frameworks in addressing the evolving challenges. The central inquiry probes the effectiveness of these …

Digital Privacy and Data Protection Laws in India Read More »

email, keyboard, computer

Regulation of AI (Artificial Intelligence) in contemporary world

Abstract Artificial Intelligence[1], or AI, means making machines think like humans. It’s when computers can do smart things, like understanding language, recognizing speech, or even seeing and understanding pictures. For examples Smart Assistants like Siri, Alexa and Google Assistant; Chatbots like ChatGPT, Bard; Self-driving cars, stc. AI works by using a lot of information and …

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The Rise of Gig Economy from a global perspective – Impact and Related laws in India

Abstract This article looks at the crucial role that stakeholders play in the gig economy and emphasizes the ways in which a number of factors influence the expansion and gig economy’s significance in India and in the worldwide context. India is a developing country . The gig economy is built on creative thinking and has …

The Rise of Gig Economy from a global perspective – Impact and Related laws in India Read More »

justice, law, symbol

Development of Mediation in light of Mediation Act, 2023.

Abstract In the context of the Mediation Act 2023, this research paper examines the major rise and growth of mediation as an alternative method for arbitration in India. The research stares at the way mediation practices have evolved throughout the years in India, highlighting major legislative and policy changes that have led to mediation becoming more commonplace. It …

Development of Mediation in light of Mediation Act, 2023. Read More »

drugs, cocaine, user

LEGALIZATION OF MARIJUANA

ABSTRACT: Throughout recorded history, marijuana has been utilized and is intimately linked to ancient civilizations. Indian culture has long been associated with the use of marijuana and other cannabis derivatives, such as bhang, dating back hundreds of years. In Indian society, marijuana usage has seldom been viewed as aberrant social behaviour, it is commonly used …

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justice, right, legal

Analyzing the Criminal Procedure (Identification) Act , 2022 : It’s role in the life of Prisoners

Abstract India’s parliament has passed the Criminal Procedure (Identification) Act of 2022 following a lengthy debate. Legislation is being introduced to rescind the 1920 Identification of Prisoners Act, which permitted the use of identification and investigative methods on detainees. The 2022 Act’s expanded definition of measurements includes iris and retina scans, behavioural traits like handwriting, …

Analyzing the Criminal Procedure (Identification) Act , 2022 : It’s role in the life of Prisoners Read More »

case-law, lady justice, justice

Social and Psychological effects on couples and society when Live-in relationship are legalized and drafted.

ABSTRACT In a country like India, a democratic system must uphold respect for human rights. Everyone is free to choose the partner with whom they wish to share their life and get married in order to start a family. The current situation regarding live-in relationships will cause issues such as bigamy and multiple-partner relationships, which …

Social and Psychological effects on couples and society when Live-in relationship are legalized and drafted. Read More »

Status and Scope of Prenuptial Agreements in India and their Global Significance

Abstract “A prenuptial agreement, often referred to as a prenup or a premarital agreement, is a legally binding contract entered into by a couple before they get married or enter into a civil partnership. This agreement outlines how the couple’s assets, debts, and other financial matters will be handled in the event of a divorce, …

Status and Scope of Prenuptial Agreements in India and their Global Significance Read More »

The psychology of white collar crime: Why do people commit these crimes?

ABSTRACT  The paper explores the strange world of white-collar crime, focusing on its psychological  foundations and landmark case studies. It also examines the growth of white-collar crime in  India, comparing it to the American context. The affluent commit crimes in an environment  of weak government while frequently avoiding detection because of drawn-out court fights.  These …

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Provisional Measures: Navigating the Complexities of International Arbitration

­Abstract International arbitration encompasses disputes between state and non-state entities that enter a cross-border agreement. The contract may contain an indication of the intention of the parties to refer their disputes to arbitration, wherein the decision shall be binding. However, similar to litigation disputes, a situation may arise that puts the Parties’ interests at certain …

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EXPOSING THE DANGER OF DEEP FAKES: A LEGAL OVERVIEW

ABSTRACT: AI-generated altered media, or “deep fakes,” are becoming a bigger menace to people, businesses, and society as a whole. This research paper offers a thorough legal study of the deep fake phenomena, emphasizing the dangers they pose for disinformation, security, and privacy. We review the current legal frameworks and suggest legislative and technical measures …

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THE REALM OF ‘PROTECTION’ UNDER DIGITAL PERSONAL DATA PROTECTION ACT, 2023

ABSTRACT- A significant turning point in the field of data protection is the Digital Personal Data Protection Act, 2023, which addresses the growing difficulties brought on by the quick digitalization of personal data. This study conducts a thorough analysis of the Act’s provisions, highlighting its importance in protecting personal privacy and governing the actions of …

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Development Into Installation of CCTV Camera In Police Station.

ABSTRACT In contemporary law enforcement, the integration of advanced technologies plays a pivotal role in augmenting the overall effectiveness of policing. This study explores the process of developing and installing closed-circuit television (CCTV) camera systems in police stations, aiming to enhance both security measures and operational efficiency. The primary objectives include deterring criminal activities, ensuring …

Development Into Installation of CCTV Camera In Police Station. Read More »