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National Integration Council: Casteism As The Most Hated Terminology To Kill Humanism


National integration is the familiarity with a typical character among the residents of a country. However, it implies that we have a place with various castes, religions, and locales and communicate in various dialects. We perceive the way that we are every one of the ones. This sort of integration is vital in the structure of a solid and prosperous nation. Unity in our nation doesn’t mean the kind of unity that comes from racial and social comparability. It is unity notwithstanding incredible contrasts, all in all, unity in variety. A significant verifiable occasion that showed this unity was the opportunity development when every one of the Indians joined contrary to the British standard. Resistance is the critical factor of all religions, which is the pith of India. A nation is supposed to be conceived when a gathering of individuals living in a specific region fosters a political structure with a feeling of unity and decides their political future. Individuals of India choose their political fortune through races. The idea of a nation emerges when national awareness arises among people. The nation-state is political affiliation. It has some aspects like Definite limits, Membership, set of rules, and Citizenship Nation incorporates individuals, regions, and governments. The nation as a community. Every nation has its limitation and set of rules. Along these lines, a nation can be treated as a community. Nation establishes the biggest community among every one of the gatherings of man.

KEYWORDS: – Integration, Casteism, Humanism, Fundamental Rights, Disparities’.


The cornerstone of nationalism is an active awareness of belonging to a single country of a shared agenda of a common aim in the country’s achievements/combined efforts for mutual purpose in all national activities. Even though ‘unity in variety has long been a cherished element of Indian society due to the diversity of religions, languages, cultures, and castes, the massive population and vast distances have sometimes proved obstacles to political unity and national harmony. Before the arrival of the Britishers, who used the divide and rule strategy to rule, nationalism was a dominant component of Indian society policy to govern India, leading to the dissolution of our nationalism. Even though it has revealed itself during specific incidents such as the liberation fight, Chinese aggression, and Indo-Pakistan conflicts, India gained Independence in 1947, the British divide and rule policy took its toll on the Indian subcontinent, resulting in the birth of Pakistan and Bangladesh. As a result, tensions have arisen both within India and its neighbors. A sizable proportion of the majority community believes that Hindus represent the mainstream of national culture and preserve and protect the country’s national interests and territorial integrity. They felt that to attain this goal, and minorities should blend their identities, resulting in friction and communal disturbances.


The motivation behind this strategy is to assemble, coordinate, and portray the law; give critique on the sources utilized; then, at that point, distinguish and depict the hidden subject or framework and how each wellspring of regulation is associated. The doctrinal technique is excellent for areas of law that are generally dark letter regulation, like agreement or property regulation. Under this methodology, the specialist directs an essential, subjective investigation of lawful materials to help speculation. The analyst recognition of explicit, legitimate standards, then, at that point, talks about the legal importance of the standard, its basic standards, and decision production under the standard. To recognize ambiguities of the law and proposition, Wellsprings of information in doctrinal examination incorporate the actual standard, cases created under the standard, an official history where relevant, and editorials and writing.


The information on a typical personality among a country’s populace is the public mix. It intends that, regardless of how we come from various positions, religions, and areas and communicate in multiple dialects, we as a whole realize that we are one. This kind of participation is essential to advancing a solid and flourishing country. In our country, solidarity doesn’t infer a feeling of unity in light of ethnic and social shared traits. It is solidarity despite critical inconsistencies, or, to put it another way, solidarity in variety. When all Indians joined contrary to British rule, the freedom development was an important verifiable occasion that exhibited this solidarity. Public incorporation is a decent trademark since it dispenses with socio-social and financial imbalances and disparity while reinforcing public solidarity and fortitude. It is intentional. Individuals share their contemplations, thoughts, and emotional ties. It’s a feeling of having a place amidst assortments.

The significance of public personality couldn’t possibly be more significant. The general combination is helped by social solidarity, protected and regional coherence, everyday financial worries, craftsmanship, writing, public celebrations, the public banner, public psalm, and token. The world’s primary religions in general, including Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, and Polytheistic, are polished in our country. Likewise, there is a broad scope of ensembles, dietary patterns, and social shows. Our territory is different as far as topography, and the environment fluctuates drastically. Notwithstanding these differences, India is a political element controlled by a similar Constitution in each country segment. We should live in amicability with each other and regard the way of life and religion of our kindred Indians.

Historical facts.

We need national integration, but we also have casteism Tribes, castes, and backward communities.

Historically, the caste system arose on a functional rather than a social foundation. People were divided into available units based on their social responsibilities, agriculture, trade, and other factors to serve social and national goals, except for the distribution of social assignments.

Which categorized these groups with socially assigned obligations based on ‘Karma’ or acts under this system. By avoiding historical tracings, these groups could identify themselves, and thus, the caste system was born. The evil of the caste system functioning as a divisive force in India began with identification, which led to the assertion of one class over another. This assertion led to the politicization of the groupings, thus starting the evil of the caste system operating as a divisive force in India. Many individuals and groups have attempted to bridge the lower and upper castes. Mahatma Gandhi was a crucial figure in the upliftment of the backward and lower castes. In the case of the so-called scheduled caste, Gandhi Ji saw them as true children of God and hence gave them the moniker ‘Harijan.’

All the issues that arise due to the development of national integration must be addressed, and new individuals must emerge for the betterment and advancement of our country. It must handle the topic of national integration from a variety of perspectives. It entails the development of individuals’ personalities so that they can serve as efficient tools for social unity and the advancement and prosperity of the nation as a whole, rather than just parts of it.

National Integration In India

National integration is essentially the art of coexisting in peace and harmony with one’s people. Integration necessitates research and a broad outlook. From a philosophical, scientific, and sociological standpoint, national integration is urgently needed. Only by making a conscious effort could we accomplish national integration. We must first practice national integration before preaching it. To summarise, we might say that national integration is the attitude that binds man and man together. Like a small flame that burns itself but illuminates others, national integration dispels the darkness of man’s soul and rekindles hope for a brighter future.

In the Indian context, national integration is or should be the opening of that third eye of awareness that can see the reality of this organism.

The growth process behind what appears to be a dizzying multitude of races, languages/social structures, locations, art forms, and lifestyles—defines education’s position as the most important medium for developing this third-eye perception. Between the full flowering of regional identity, an equally strong consciousness of regional mutual dependency, and a continual, sustained knowledge of being part of a single whole, a delicate balance must be established and must maintain new orders.

Causes Poverty and unemployment:

The issue of unity, integrity, and stability is tackled from various perspectives. Poverty, unemployment, and a scarcity of opportunity exacerbate differences and tensions. The social disorganization implied in the disintegration of intimate and integrated communities, or the uprooting of individuals or parts from their social moorings, is no less a cause of alienation or even an increase in insecurity and aggression. All of these factors, as well as others, can be found in a variety of relationships and the creation and tormenting of tensions.


As a result of linguistic and regional affiliations, national sentiment slowly erodes. Bilingual borders are a manifestation of linguistic tensions. Goans, for example, are separated into two groups: those who speak Konkani and those who speak Marathi. In Belgaum, there is also a rivalry between Marathi and Kannada speakers. Language has become a strong source of political articulation, particularly since Independence. E.g., the southern part of the nation.


It is a broad term that refers to any socio-religious group’s inclination to maximize its economic, political, and social strength at the expense of other groups. This tendency directly opposes India’s claim to be a secular nation-state. In India, secularism is defined as the peaceful coexistence of various religions without government support. All of them are to be treated equally by the state. Despite this, we frequently hear, witness, and read about communal clashes in a secular country like India. The Indian national state has not been free of communal confrontations despite making strenuous efforts toward democracy and socialism.

Regional Disparities:

The disparate growth of India’s many regions has harmed the character of national integration. After Independence, unequal development became a fundamental cause of numerous social movements. For example, the Jharkhand movements, which included tribal communities from Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Bengal, and Orissa, highlight the region’s backwardness, among other difficulties. People interested in this movement say that the area’s abundant natural resources have been plundered for the advantage of others while also demanding a separate state.

Tribal Identity:

A Khasi, a Naga, or a Mizo are tribals to a member of the Indian national mainstream. The derogatory epithet “tribal” connotes primitivity and inferiority to the people the term is applied. The national mainstream’s attitude of primitivism, which reduces tribals to second-class citizens, is at odds with the tribals’ proud sense of self-identity in the northeast. Their ethnonational feeling reflects this sense of pride. The fear of losing their identity was a primary motivator for ethnopolitical insurgent groups. In analyzing the historical development of insurgency in Nagaland, Asoso Yonuo credits one of the critical causes of the revolution to the people’s bad experience of interacting with “non-tribals.” He claims that the Naga National Council’s first demand was for some form of regional autonomy. As a result of their interactions with non-tribals, they acquired a fear of losing their identity, leading to a demand for an outright sovereign independent Nagaland State during Hindu rule.

Relation With Other Related Facts.

India is a secular, democratic, and sovereign nation.

It is a secular country where members of all faiths can worship freely according to their religious beliefs while remaining subject to law and order. India is diverse geographically and linguistically; it is our unity in diversity. Indians consume different types of food in various states and locations. They dress differently, speak various languages, belong to different castes, and follow different religions, but they are all Indians. National integration recognizes a common identity among citizens of a country; this means that we acknowledge that we are all one despite our many religious affiliations and languages. Citizens’ behavior and determination have a role in national integration. Every citizen is responsible for fighting forces and ideas that undermine national unity and integration. National Integration establishes a sense of the nation’s intrinsic oneness. It is all citizens of the country’s sense of belonging and unity.

National Integration is the glue that holds the country’s population together as a single unit.

Numerous causes obstruct national integration. Linguist, regionalism, communalism, and casteism are only a few examples. In India, many languages are spoken in various parts of the country. It fosters a sense of regional patriotism that jeopardizes India’s unity. The Indian people’s feelings have shifted dramatically since the country was divided into states and union territories. National integration is a tie of closeness between people of all castes, creeds, religions, and genders. In a society where diversity is the core idea, this is a feeling of oneness and fraternity.

Despite disparities in culture, language, and primary means of living, national integration keeps the country strong. Individuals of many cultures, languages, and races coexist in a country like India. National integration contributes to the country’s stability as well as its development. It promotes communal harmony while combating casteism, regionalism, and linguistic divisions. It improves people’s feelings of patriotism and attempts to bring them together.


Is the caste system doing any good?

The caste system is doing good things to many people.

If you are born in a Rajput family, you are declared to be courageous even if you are the timidest person in this world.

If you are born in Brahmin caste-like Dwivedi, Trivedi, or Chaturvedi, you have certified knowledge of 2-Vedas, 3-Vedas, and 4-Vedas under your caste without reading a book.

If you are born in the caste of SC/ST, you may get into IIT/IIM and get the top job in India without getting even the pass marks in the entrance examination.

If you can play the caste card well, you can become a successful politician in India without doing anything and despite all corruption.

You can even become a top Minister, CM, PM, or President in India due to your caste.

Millions of Indians are getting (undue) respect, benefits, and positions due to their castes.

We pretend to be the victim of our caste when it hurts us. We shamelessly display our castes when it benefits us.

Beliefs make us irrational.

Caste is also a matter of belief that has been ingrained in Indian minds for thousands of years. It matters a lot to those who believe in caste dharma.

Caste has divided society and assigned them different roles. It can go only when another powerful belief would replace it. The western concept of equality and justice is already replacing the Indian belief system on caste. People who are working together, studying together, and playing together are hardly concerned about the caste of their friends. Once the caste system is weakened, the caste-based reservation too shall lose its power in India. Because the truth is nobody wants to put an end to it.

The government could have given reservations for just ten years and, during that period, could abolish the usage of caste-based titles/ names gradually. Kids of those parents that have availed the benefits of caste-based reservations and secured a good job should be devoid of any caste-based reservation benefits. (Because if your parents are working on a decent post, you’d not have to face any caste-based severe discrimination; and also, because, if the same privileged families take up reservation benefits every time

The impoverished people in their society who face discrimination can never avail reservation benefits) should have provided extra benefits to those who go for inter-caste and enter-category marriages.

All this would have received backlash from everyone, but most people would have forgotten the caste system by now.

•But as a politician, you won’t talk about the unification of castes. You want votes, not backlash.

•As an upper-caste person, you won’t talk about caste-based discrimination. You want social supremacy, not equality.

•As a reserved category person, you won’t talk reservations. You want easy benefits, not hard work.

The caste system is not going away anywhere soon. We’re just too far away from it. It’s just that we’re not talking about it much often, but 30% of us are keeping our ‘Caste Ids’ embedded in our hearts even in urban setups. This percentage reaches 90% or even 100% when discussing rural structures.

The sad part is your education and I.Q. Don’t have much to do with your belief in the caste system. So, you can’t even eradicate the caste system with education. You can only eliminate it with humanity, and all of us already know that only a small fraction of us have it.


A common identity among a country’s population is known as national integration. It means that we all know that we are one even though we come from different castes, religions, and locations and speak different languages. This type of cooperation is critical to developing a strong and thriving nation. In our country, unity does not imply a sense of oneness based on ethnic and cultural commonalities. It is unity despite significant disparities, or, to put it another way, unity in diversity. When all Indians joined against British rule, the liberation movement was an important historical event that demonstrated this unity. National integration is a good characteristic because it eliminates socio-cultural and economic inequalities and inequality while strengthening national unity and solidarity.

It is voluntary as People share their thoughts, ideas, and emotional ties. It’s a sense of belonging amid variety.

The importance of national identity cannot be overstated. National integration is aided by cultural unity, constitutional and territorial continuity, common economic concerns, art, literature, national festivals, flags, hymn, and emblems. All of the world’s main religions, including Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, and Polytheistic, are practiced in our country. There is also a wide range of costumes, eating habits, and social conventions. Our land is different in geography, and the climate varies dramatically. Despite these disparities, India is a political entity regulated by the same Constitution in every section of the country. We must live in harmony with one another and respect the culture and religion of our fellow Indians.


  1. Ashton, S.R. (1982), British Policy towards the Indian States, 1905–1938, London Studies on South Asia no. 2, London: Curzon Press, ISBN 0-7007-0146-X
  2. Gandhi, Rajmohan (1991), Patel: A Life, Ahmedabad: Navajivan Publishing House
  3. Times of India, the Week
  4. S. Shubhang

Research paper

  • Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur


  • Hindu Dharma: Dr. Surendra Kumar Sharma

Reference (sites)

  • manupatrafast.com/articles/articleSearch.aspx
  • a-humanistic-perspective-on-the-caste-system-in-india-and-the-uk-2/
  • scholar.google.co.in/scholar start=10&q=caste kills
  • indiancc.mygov.in/we-content
  • stor.org/stable/42930902
  • https://www.gktoday.in/topic/national-integration
  • https://www.legalbites.in/ www.toppr.com/guides/essay
  • vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/social-awareness/

“Manpower without Unity is not a strength unless it is harmonized and united properly, then it becomes a spiritual power.”

                                            – Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel