Animal sexual abuse (ASA), which includes concepts like bestiality, zoophilia, zoosadism, and animal sexual assault, refers to the harm inflicted on animals for the purpose of human sexual gratification. It’s unknown how common ASA is, but it might be more widespread than is thought. The knowledge needed to recognize and record cases of ASA is available to veterinarians. In addition to discussing ASA’s legal definitions and forms, this article also examines its social and psychological setting. A method of investigation is described, which includes an alternate light source examination, the collection of swabs for DNA analysis, the sampling of vaginal washes, rectal washes, and toenails for trace evidence and biologic analyses, radiographic studies, and a thorough forensic necropsy, including histopathology. Gross lesions found in ASA victims include rectus, penis, scrotum, nipples, and vaginal injuries as well as the presence of foreign bodies, abrasions, bruises, and other signs of non-accidental injury. Specialized techniques, such as examination under different lighting conditions and screening tests to find human seminal fluid in samples taken from ASA victims, may be useful but have not been proven to be effective in testing on animals.

KEYWORDS: Sexual abuse, Vaginal injury, Biologic analysis


It is heart breaking to observe time and time again how knowledge of the severity and danger of animal cruelty is ignored or downplayed when intervention and prosecution take place. Animal cruelty is a hallmark or signature indicator for future acts of violence, including rape, child molestation, domestic abuse, school shootings, and other types of violence, according to research conducted in the 1980s and up to the present. It stands to reason that someone could become aggressive and violent toward people if they are capable of being abusive or cruel to animals, which happens frequently. Animal cruelty is characterized as a crime that involves causing an animal pain, suffering, or even death. Lack of food, water, and shelter can be considered animal neglect if it results in an animal suffering, passing away, or being put in grave danger of passing away (animal cruelty, n.d.). Basically, anything that causes an animal to be mistreated. Animal cruelty perpetrators are monsters. What does it take to mistreat or neglect a loving, living animal? Simply put, monstrous and evil intentions are the solution.


The procedure  that can be relate as carrying out the study is practical, logical  and relative study. Within this research study the key origin  as to facts are the comprehensive view of what is known empirically about people who intentionally physically or sexually abuse animals. The subordinate origin of facts comprises of issued books, journals , intellectual articles, news releases, print media, Wikipedia, review records and others were used.



Veterinary Forensic Pathology of Animal Sexual Abuse[1]– By A.W Stern

  • The writer, in this article interprets the practise of humans sexually harassing animals, which can take many different forms, including touching their genitalia, engaging in vaginal, anal, or oral penetration, or engaging in oral-genital contact with them while they are still alive.
  • This journal provides a description of the different types of perpetrators, the forensic necropsy examination, and unique methods for identifying and gathering trace evidence like semen. An overview of ASA will also include pertinent laws with a focus on American law.

Animal cruelty, pet abuse & violence: the missed dangerous connection[2]– By Scott A Johnson

·       The author clearly explains that the animal cruelty perpetrators are monstrous individuals. What conditions must exist for a gentle, living pet to be mistreated or neglected? Simple monstrosities and evil motives are the solution.

·       Also, comes to the conclusion that an evaluation to determine whether the perpetrator has a history of animal cruelty should be a part of any intervention for violence of any kind.

Animal abuse and intimate partner violence: researching the link and its significance in Ireland – a veterinary perspective[3]– By B. Gallagher

·       The author states that the goal of this study, which was carried out by veterinarians and a social worker, was to investigate the link between domestic violence and animal abuse in Ireland and to determine the extent to which the abuse of animals is used to control women in abusive relationships.

An Evaluative Review of Theories Related to Animal Cruelty[4]– By Eleonora Gullone

  • The purpose of this article is to provide an assessment of the two main theories on the aetiology of animal abuse: the violence graduation hypothesis and the deviance generalization hypothesis. The article starts off by defining animal cruelty.

Understanding Animal Cruelty and Sexual Abuse[5]– By Lacey Levitt

  • This article discusses about the demographics, developmental histories, personality traits, mental illnesses, and criminal and delinquent offences, as well as the characteristics of animal abusers within those categories.


Has India failed to provide justice for sexually assaulted animals given the rise in human-to-animal sexual assault and rape incidents in the nation?

Sexual assault against these living things is definitely a sobering experience, especially in a nation where women are revered as goddesses and many animal species are revered as holy. Animal sexual abuse cases are emerging at a never-before-seen rate in India, where rape is the fourth most common crime against women. These cruel deeds make one doubt not only the morality of people, but also the ability of the legal system to safeguard all forms of life.

Bestiality, which is defined as sexual activity between a person and an animal, is not mentioned in any of the laws protecting animals from abuse. Zoophilia, bestiality, zooerasty, and sodomy are other terms for animal sex abuse. A few heart breaking and sickening instances of animal sexual abuse that have been reported in India are listed below.

Gang Raped Monitor Lizard in Maharashtra

The most recent incident of animal sex abuse in India occurred on March 29, 2022, in the Gothane village in the Ratnagiri district of the Sahyadri Tiger Reserve, in Maharashtra. Camera traps set up by the forest department caught four men gang-raping a Bengal monitor lizard, killing it, and then eating it. For this abominable act, the men were detained!

Street Dog Sexually Abused in Mumbai

In the Santacruz neighborhood of Mumbai in 2021, a 20-year-old boy was caught on a CCTV camera assaulting a female dog. A night time rape of female dogs was allegedly committed by the accused, a bread vendor. He left the city and returned to his hometown in Uttar Pradesh after the video of his bestiality act became popular.

Man Raped over 30 Stray Dogs in Mumbai

A 67-year-old vegetable trader was detained in Mumbai’s Juhu district in 2021 for canine sex abuse. A senior citizen was caught on camera raping a stray dog by an NGO volunteer, who also reported the shocking incident to the police along with a video of it. According to reports, the police believed the man had raped many dogs over time, possibly as many as 30. Additionally, the accused claimed that his actions weren’t unlawful because he fed the animals and they “did not object.”

Calf Raped in Delhi

A strange incident involving an 18-year-old boy and a calf occurred in Delhi in 2015. The young man resided with his family close to a dairy farm in Najafgarh, a neighbourhood in South West Delhi. The All India Institute of Medical Sciences’ department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine was caring for their son after they were informed by their son of the episode of bestiality.

Killed and Raped Female Dog in Hyderabad

Another shocking incident occurred when a 22-year-old man was detained in Hyderabad in 2016 for the murder and rape of a female dog. According to reports, the dog was killed and then raped. The accused was discovered by the dog’s owners having inappropriate sex with their pet. The accused attempted to flee the crime scene, but locals apprehended him and handed him over to the police.

In India, horrifying tales of people raping animals are emerging at an unprecedented rate. Reports of eight men gang raping a pregnant goat in Haryana in July of this year sent the media into a frenzy as the public struggled to comprehend the heinousness of the act. Another man was discovered engaging in sexual activity with a stray dog whose mouth he had roped shut. A security guard was arrested by the police in August 2018 for raping a stray dog named Bindu. A similar incident involving unidentified individuals raping a pregnant cow was reported in Andhra Pradesh in 2019. While these actions undoubtedly make us wonder about human morality, another issue with how our legal system addresses with the problem.

The primary law in India addressing animal cruelty is the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 (PCA Act). The act falls short in many ways when it comes to protecting animals from abuse, a problem that is only getting worse. The Act’s third chapter lists a variety of behaviours that are deemed cruel. Typically, Section 11(1) (a) is used to charge the accused in cases involving animal sexual assault:


Section 11. Cruel treatment of animals: (1) If any person,

(a) beats, kicks, over-rides, overloads, tortures, or otherwise treats any animal in a way that causes it to experience needless pain or suffering, or causes, or, if they are the owner, permits, any animal to be treated in this manner;

The words “sexual abuse” or “sexual assault” against animals are never used in the Section. The notorious Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code is another significant piece of legislation. Carnal contact with any animal is prohibited, and violators face a fine as well as a sentence of life in prison or a term of up to ten years in prison. Even with these laws, it is still unclear whether justice has a place. The PCA Act has ineffective penalties and missing sections, making it toothless. The above-mentioned security guard was released on a bail of Rs 3,000, demonstrating the extremely low conviction rates.

Finding the criminals is a significant obstacle to solving this problem. These behaviours are covert, and there is infrequently sufficient evidence to find a man guilty of bestiality. The law can and should be changed to make it stricter for those who are accused and are found guilty, but this does not lessen the seriousness of the offence.

Research in psychology and criminology has revealed the horrifying fact that people who hurt animals often progress to harming humans and possibly sexually assaulting them. 41% of women who had been abused by their partners reported that one of their partners’ preferred sex acts was bestiality in Lenore Walker’s 1984 study on the subject. Ameerul Islam was convicted of murder in India in 2016 after having previously raped and killed dogs and goats. The protection of our animals extends to the protection of our people.


Pets must be allowed in domestic abuse shelters due to the significant role they play in families. Victims are frequently separated from their loved ones, friends, and pets, which increases the likelihood that they will return to the violent and abusive environment. Pets should remain with the victim to ensure their safety. I advise police officers across the country to use local animal shelters, humane societies, and pet supply stores as one tactic. Most people will temporarily house a pet for a domestic abuse victim to ensure their safety. As a result, the victim is frequently more cooperative with the prosecution and is also now safe. When abuse or neglect is suspected, it is crucial for veterinarians to collaborate with other organisations, especially law enforcement. Additionally, any suspected animal abuse or neglect must be reported to child welfare and law enforcement agencies by humane societies, societies for the prevention of animal cruelty to animals, and animal control organisations. These organisations may be the first to identify risky patterns of child abuse, domestic violence, animal cruelty, and other severe mental health and behavioural issues.


ASA is probably more prevalent than is known. The veterinary pathologist is qualified to investigate cases of possible ASA. The forensic investigation of a potential ASA case depends heavily on accurate documentation of lesions or absence of lesions. Abrasions (caused by fingernails) and bruising are examples of indirect injuries that may occur in animals who have experienced sexual abuse, in contrast to documented injuries to the anus, rectum, penis, nipples, and vagina that are directly related to sexual contact. Because ASA symptoms can be subtle, a thorough examination is required. It is necessary to have thorough records of all the tests, procedures, and outcomes that were carried out. It is advised that the following steps be carried out in a methodical order in any suspected ASA case in order to prevent the loss of any potential trace evidence and to enable a thorough and in-depth forensic investigation.



[1] A.W Stern, “Veterinary Forensic Pathology of Animal Sexual Abuse”, Sage Journals, Volume 53 Issue 5, July 11, 2016

[2] Scott A Johnson, “Animal cruelty, pet abuse & violence: the missed dangerous connection”, Forensic Research & Criminology International Journal, Volume 6 Issue 5, 2018

[3] B. Gallagher, “Animal abuse and intimate partner violence: researching the link and its significance in Ireland – a veterinary perspective”, Irish Veterinary Journal, 2008

[4] Eleonora Gullone, “An Evaluative Review of Theories Related to Animal Cruelty”, Journal of Animal Ethics, Vol 4 No. 1, Pg. 37-57, 2014

[5] Lacey Levitt, “Understanding Animal Cruelty and Sexual Abuse”, Oxford academic, Pg. 95-139, 2015

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